Moore Church of God

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The Feast of Pentecost

Bro. David Chancellor
6/22/2003 11:00 AM

Exodus 23:14-17
Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year. Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:) And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field. Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the LORD God.

There were three feasts that they were to keep. The feast of unleavened bread was held about the same time as their Passover. This was called the Feast of the first fruits, the Feast of Pentecost, or the Feast of weeks. This feast was 7 weeks after the Sabbath that fell in the East of the Passover. It was held on the 50th day (thus Pentecost).

The old law and all that was in it pointed to Christ. It told of his mission to men.

Exodus 13:1-16
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine. And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. This day came ye out in the month Abib. And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD. Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters. And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt. And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD's law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt. Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year. And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee, That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD's. And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem. And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem. And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.

This describes the work done when God brought his people out of Egypt. When the soul is made right, it is by the strength of Gods hand. Pharaoh wouldnt let them go up to the time of the Passover. The blood had to be applied to the door in order for them to survive the passing over of the death angel. We have to have the blood of Christ. Christ is our feast of unleavened bread. He was pure and without corruption. We need to be partakers of the life of Christ.

Gods intent was that we be partakers of the life of Christ; that his life become a part of our being. We come to Jesus and present the life of sin and its bondage. Christ sets us free from the guilt of the past, and gives us a new life within. We become partakers of his life. Christ told Nicodemus that he had to be born again. The first fruits are tied to deliverance. God lays claim to the first fruits. When God delivers us, he has a claim on our lives. He has a right to expect some things from us.

Leviticus 23:15-21
And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD. Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD. And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD. Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings. And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

First was the feast of unleavened bread. Fifty days later they were to bring leavened bread. We are to first be partakers of his life in justification. When you get to Pentecost, its time to offer your life back. There comes a time to give back to God. Our experience needs to progress to the point where we desire to give back. This work is sanctification. Passover must come before Pentecost. If youve not partaken of God, youre not ready to give back. Passover leads to Pentecost. It starts with salvation and leads to our giving our lives back to God.

John 6:31-51
Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat. Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world. Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst. But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not. All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out. For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day. The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven. And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? how is it then that he saith, I came down from heaven? Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life. I am that bread of life. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

Jesus is the bread of life. He was the one pictured by all that is in the Old Testament. Salvation is all wrapped up in Jesus. Jesus is central to our salvation. He is our bread of life. If we partake of him, we can be with him throughout eternity. He helps us to live for him in this present world. When we partake of Christ; it needs to come out in our lives. We are to be the temple of God. The world needs to see Jesus Christ, and his workings within. Our lives need to be given back to God for his purpose and his cause.

1 Corinthians 10:16-17
The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.

We must be partakers of the one bread. We are also one bread. We give our lives back to God. We do, say , speak and go as God directs. God has a right to lay claim to our lives. We are to give back to him what hes given to us.

Romans 12:1
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

Paul pictures a giving back. Bring back what is rightfully Gods and give it back to him. Lift God up, glorify his name for all that he does for you. We couldnt live like Christ unless Christ gives us life and helps us to live that life. To live as God would have us to, we need to partake of Christ first. You have to come through Passover to get to Pentecost.

The disciples went through Passover, and then began to give back. Jesus told Peter to feed his lambs. Something had to work within to make this happen. You must partake of Christ before you can be a living sacrifice. The desire should be to give back. Dont come before God empty-handed. Give your life back to him. Let your life be lived for God. Be willing to be used for the purpose he chooses. Have you been to Passover? Have you been to Pentecost? Give back to God what is his.

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